Introduction of Ginseng
Ginseng is a perennial herbaceous plant that usually grows in mountain slope at the altitude of 500 to 1100 meters or conifer or hardwood forest in a cool, humid and small temperature difference between day and night climate. As a result of hypertrophic root , shape of spindle, forking, resembling panorama of human head, hands, feet and limbs, so called ginseng. Ancient people called ginseng as Solomonseal, Goblins, and God Herb. Ginseng is known as the "king of herbs", and also well-known as one of the three treasures of Manchuria, China(They are ginseng, mink, and antler). It is one of the most worldwide-famous, well-known and valuable medicinal herbs.
Nutritional Value of Ginseng
More than 30 kinds of ginsenosides can be isolated from the red ginseng, ginseng and white ginseng, which could be divided into three groups, namely oleanolic acid group, Protopanaxdiol group and raw ginseng-triol group. They are called Ginsenosides -RX (Note: X=0, A1, A2, A3, B1, B2 C, D, B3, e, F, G1, G2, G3, H1, H2, H3, S1, and S2), and dummy ginsenoside F11 etc.. Saponins is the basis material for ginseng physiological activity.
Organic acids and esters in ginseng are: citric acid, isocitric acid, fumaric acid, ketoglutaric acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, maleic acid, malic acid, pyruvic acid, succinic acid, tartaric acid, salicylic acid, ginseng, vanillic acid, p-hydroxycinnamic acid, triglyceride, palmitic acid, three palmitic acid glyceride, alpha two, gamma palmitin, Sanya oleins, glycosyl diacylglycerol.
Vitamins in ginseng are: vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B12, vitamin C, niacin, folic acid, pantothenic acid, biotin and nicotinamide.
Sterol glycoside in ginseng are: beta sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, daucosterol, ginsenoside P and sterol ester.
In addition, ginseng still contains adenosine invertase, L- aspartic acid enzyme, beta amylase, invertase; more than and 20 kinds of trace elements of maltol, nonacosane, kaempferol, panasenoside and copper, zinc, iron, manganese, etc..
The saponins of Panax ginseng stems and leaves are basically consistent with the root. The total saponin content of panax ginseng leaf, ginseng bud, ginseng flower, ginseng fruit is even higher than ginseng root, which is worth for further use.
Function of Ginseng
1 Ginseng may help with stimulating physical and mental activity among people who are weak and tired.
2 Ginseng may improve thinking ability and cognition.
3 Ginseng has seven constituents, ginsenosides, which may have immune suppressive effects.
4 Ginseng improved survival and quality of life after a diagnosis of breast cancer.
5 Men may take ginseng to treat erectile dysfunction.
6 Red ginseng extract improved the survival of human lung epithelial cells infected with influenza virus.
Usage of Ginseng
Chinese legend has it that early emperors used to use it as a remedy for all illnesses and not only consumed it, but also used it in soaps, lotions and creams.