Antiviral and antibacterial function of Elderbrry
We know that the mechanism of viruses invading the human body is through hemagglutinin binding to the cell membrane, entering the cell and then releasing ceramide, thereby helping the virus to enter the cell and spread.
Studies have shown that the flavonoids in elderberry, like flavanols, can inhibit the activity of hemagglutinin on the surface of the virus and prevent the release of ceramidase, thereby inhibiting the virus from entering the cell and achieving antiviral effect.
Experiments have also shown that the flavonoids of elderberry can bind to and prevent influenza virus H1N1-type IV infection in vitro. Elderberry can fight against a variety of bacteria and viruses that cause upper respiratory tract infections in humans. It has antibacterial activity and can kill 8 types of bacteria and 3 types of fungi. The flavonoids and anthocyanins of elderberry stimulate the immune system by promoting the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by monocytes.
In a study on rats, it was found that by giving elderberry juice concentrate to rats, it can effectively affect the spread of influenza A virus and reduce the virus infection in rats.
In another experiment, a study of 60 people with early flu symptoms showed that the patients in the elderberry group showed significant improvement in flu symptoms after 3-4 days of treatment, while the placebo group it takes 7-8 days. This shows that elderberry is effective for the symptoms of flu.
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